After the space is determined, the interior design becomes the main component and executor of the indoor environment function. Therefore, furniture is an important part of interior design. The purpose of interior design is to create an environment that is best suited to people’s work or life. Different indoor environments require different furnishings and different furniture configurations. In other words, the shape and function of the furniture should meet the needs of the indoor environment.
1、Furniture and bedroom
The bedroom is a space for people to rest and have special requirements for privacy and tranquility. The basic function of the bedroom is divided into two aspects: on the one hand, it requires the basic requirements of rest and sleep; on the other hand, it must be suitable for leisure, work, dressing and hygiene. And the layout of the environment is the focus of the individual characteristics of the overall spatial pattern.
Studies have shown that at least one-third of a person’s life is spent in the bedroom. To this end, the bedroom is arranged to provide comfort and relaxation. First, consider the factors such as the size, shape, layout, number of users and orientation of the bedroom, and then select the type and style of furniture according to practical purposes and comprehensive factors. The main functional area in the bedroom is the sleeping area. The main furniture in this area is the bed and the bedside local light source is set up to meet the needs of bedside reading. The placement of the bed should be rational and scientific. The dressing table, mirror and dressing stool are the main furniture in the dressing area of the bedroom.
2、Furniture and study
The study is a space for people to study, study and study. The furniture in the study is mainly composed of a desk, a table and chairs. Bookcase styles are broadly divided into Tongtian, single, combined, angled, suspended and mobile. The style is different from other types of furniture styles, requiring a simple design, highlighting the study theme, with a solemn, elegant and generous style. In the styling, the paper seeks to have a convex and concave shape, a moderately high aspect ratio, a reasonable format distribution, and a beautiful overall structure, which results in a uniform balance. In terms of color, the ambient color of the study and the color of the furniture are mostly cold, which helps the user to balance their mood and balance their emotions. The simple furniture layout can highlight the owner’s ambition and taste, giving a sense of elegance. Furniture should be purchased and placed according to personal preferences and cultivation.
3、Furniture and living room
The living room is a place to pick up guests. It is a space open to the public in the family. Whether the layout of the living room is natural and appropriate directly affects the mood and interest of the guests. Therefore, the layout and style of the living room environment should take into account the factors of the guests, and emphasize the beauty of harmony, coordination and unity.
Living room furniture is usually sofa (single, double, multi-person and various combination sofas), several, easy chair, cabinet, combination cabinet, floor and so on. The design of the living room furniture depends on the size, format and orientation of the living room. The style of the furniture should be solemn, generous, proportion coordinated and beautiful. In terms of color, the color of the living room furniture should be consistent with the color of the room. The elegant and bright warm colors can enhance the atmosphere and make the space feel bright and comfortable.
The design and layout of the living room furniture must be reasonable, beautiful, quiet, elegant, and distinct, giving people ample space for activities, and should not make people feel squeezing. In addition, we must also consider the cultural quality, occupation, hobbies and economic conditions of the host, and make reasonable design and layout, to avoid simply pursuing luxury.
4.Furniture and kitchen
With the improvement of living standards, traditional kitchen spaces and simple furniture can no longer meet the needs of modern life. So how to create a kitchen space suitable for modern living order within a limited area is an important topic of interior design.
In order to do a good job in the interior layout of the kitchen space, you should first understand the cooking procedures of the kitchen. This process is organized into three main parts, namely, cooking and storage. These three parts should be completed in a reasonable, convenient and orderly process.
The kitchen is limited in size and needs to make the most of the space. The combination of the above-mentioned set of cabinets not only solves the storage problem, but also utilizes the space, and it is also very convenient to take the instruments during the operation. In addition, the lower space of the console can also be closed for storage, so that the entire kitchen space is well organized and clean. The layout of the kitchen furniture should pay attention to the size of the human body. The height of the general workbench is 85-90cm, the distance between the row and the cooktop is about 60-80cm, and there is a washing tank on the operation table. To ensure that the person does not touch the hanging cabinet above the console when using the washing tub, the cabinet is off the ground. The minimum distance is 145cm, or the minimum distance between the wall cabinet and the pool should be 56cm, and the appropriate back.
5、Furniture and dinette
The average family has a relatively separate space for meals. The size depends on the number of people dining. The dining table has a great influence on the atmosphere of the meal. If space permits, use a large dining table whenever possible. The round dining table makes the dining atmosphere soft, and the square table takes up more space, but it is more convenient to use.
The chair should match the table as much as possible, and share the same design language as the table in terms of shape, structure, material, color, texture, etc. The height of the dining table and chairs has corresponding standards in the design of the middle and the table. The western dining table is generally rectangular in shape and its height is between 630 and 680 mm. Because the Western food uses a knife and fork, the table is slightly lower to make the knife and fork easy to operate; the height of the table is slightly higher than the western table, generally between 680-750mm, the height of the chair is about 430mm, and the Chinese and Western table chairs are basically the same. .
The dining table can be designed to be folded, and can be folded up at ordinary times. The Eight Immortals table in the Chinese dining table can be changed into a round table by folding; the small square table can be changed into a long Western table. This form is common in families and restaurants.
In the business-style restaurant, the table is highly demanded, and the table itself is not too high. The key is that the shape of the chair should be novel and match the environment to create a distinctive dining atmosphere.